12 months

Important Milestones By The End Of 1 Year (12 Months)

Babies develop at their own pace, so it’s impossible to tell exactly when your child will learn a given skill. The developmental milestones listed below will give you a general idea of the changes you can expect, but don’t be alarmed if your own baby’s development takes a slightly different course.
 
Social and Emotional
■ Shy or anxious with strangers
■ Cries when mother or father leaves
■ Enjoys imitating people in his play
■ Shows specific preferences for certain people and toys
■ Tests parental responses to his actions during feedings
■ Tests parental responses to his behavior
■ May be fearful in some situations
■ Prefers mother and/or regular caregiver over all others
■ Repeats sounds or gestures for attention
■ Finger-feeds himself
■ Extends arm or leg to help when being dressed
 
Cognitive
■ Explores objects in many different ways (shaking, banging, throwing, dropping)
■ Finds hidden objects easily
■ Looks at correct picture when the image is named
■ Imitates gestures
■ Begins to use objects correctly (drinking from cup, brushing hair, dialing phone, listening to receiver)
 
Language
■ Pays increasing attention to speech
■ Responds to simple verbal requests
■ Responds to “no”
■ Uses simple gestures, such as shaking head for “no”
■ Babbles with inflection (changes in tone)
■ Says “dada” and “mama”
■ Uses exclamations, such as “Oh-oh!”
■ Tries to imitate words
 
Movement
■ Reaches sitting position without assistance
■ Crawls forward on belly
■ Assumes hands-and-knees position
■ Creeps on hands and knees
■ Gets from sitting to crawling or prone (lying on stomach) position
■ Pulls self up to stand
■ Walks holding on to furniture
■ Stands momentarily without support
■ May walk two or three steps without support
 
Hand and Finger Skills
■ Uses pincer grasp
■ Bangs two objects together
■ Puts objects into container
■ Takes objects out of container
■ Lets objects go voluntarily
■ Pokes with index finger
■ Tries to imitate scribbling
 
Developmental Health Watch
Alert your child’s doctor or nurse if your child displays any of the following signs of possible developmental delay for this age range.
 
■ Does not crawl
■ Drags one side of body while crawling (for over one month)
■ Cannot stand when supported
■ Does not search for objects that are hidden while he or she watches
■ Says no single words (“mama” or “dada”)
■ Does not learn to use gestures, such as waving or shaking head
■ Does not point to objects or pictures
■ Experiences a dramatic loss of skills he or she once had
 
From CARING FOR YOUR BABY AND YOUNG CHILD: BIRTH TO AGE 5 by Steven Shelov, Robert E. Hannermann, © 1991, 1993, 1998, 2004 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Used by permission of Bantam Books, a division of Random House, Inc.
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